“+” equal contribution

Press & online talks




Peer reviewed journals


  • van Doorn, J., …, Schad, D.J., …, Aust, F. (2023). Bayes Factors for Mixed Models: a Discussion. Computational Brain & Behavior, doi: 10.1007/s42113-022-00160-3

  • Liu, S., Rabovsky, M., & Schad, D.J. (2023). Spontaneous mind wandering impairs model-based decision making. Plos One, 18(1), e0279532, doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0279532

  • Liu, S., Li, R., Wegner, L., Huang, C., Haucke, M.N., Schad, D.J., … & Heinzel, S. (2023). High-mind wandering correlates with high risk for problematic alcohol use in China and Germany. European Archives of Psychiatry and Clinical Neuroscience, 1-7, doi: 10.1007/s00406-023-01555-4


  • Schad, D.J. & Rabovsky, M. (2022). Social-distancing induced deceleration can enhance subjective well-being. Applied Psychology: Health and Well-being, doi: 10.1111/aphw.12414

  • Bağcıa, B., Düsmezb, S., Zorlua, N., Bahtiyarc, G., Isıklıa, S., Bayrakcıa, A., Heinz, A., Schad, D.J., Sebold, M. (2022). Computational analysis of probabilistic reversal learning deficits in male subjects with alcohol use disorder. Frontiers in Psychiatry, doi: 10.3389/fpsyt.2022.960238

  • Schad, D.J. & Vasishth, S. (2022). The posterior probability of a null hypothesis given a statistically significant result. The Quantitative Methods for Psychology, doi: 10.20982/tqmp.18.2.p011, Shiny app: https://danielschad.shinyapps.io/probnull

  • Schad, D.J., Nicenboim, B., Bürkner, P.-C., Betancouort, M., & Vasishth, S. (2022). Workflow techniques for the robust use of Bayes factors. Psychological Methods, doi: 10.1037/met0000472, arXiv preprint: arXiv:2103.08744

  • Vasishth, S., Yadav, H., Schad, D.J., & Nicenboim, B. (2022). Sample size determination for Bayesian hierarchical models commonly used in psycholinguistics. Computational Brain and Behavior, doi: 10.1007/s42113-021-00125-y, PsyArXiv preprint: PsyArXiv:u8yvc

  • Magrabi, A., Beck, A., Schad, D.J., Lett, T.A., Stoppel, C.M., Charlet, K., Kiefer, F., Heinz, A., & Walter, H. (2022). Alcohol dependence decreases functional activation of the caudate nucleus during model‐based decision processes. Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research, doi: 10.1111/acer.14812


  • Schad, D.J., Betancourt, M. & Vasishth, S. (2021). Towards a principled Bayesian workflow for cognitive science. Psychological Methods, 26(1), 103-126, doi: 10.1037/met0000275, arXiv preprint: arXiv:1904.12765v1

  • Stone, K., Verissimo, J, Schad, D.J., Oltrogge, E., Vasishth, S. & Lago, S. (2021). The interaction of grammatically distinct agreement dependencies in predictive processing. Language, Cognition and Neuroscience, 36(9), 1159-1179, doi: 10.1080/23273798.2021.1921816

  • Rabovsky, M., Schad, D.J., & Abdel Rahman, R. (2021). Object naming is facilitated by semantic richness but inhibited by semantic density: Electrophysiological and behavioral evidence. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 146, 240-244, doi: 10.1016/j.cognition.2015.09.016, bioRxiv preprint: 10.1101/509000

  • Chen, H., Nebe, S., Mojtahedzadeh, N., Kuitunen-Paul, S., Garbusow, M., Schad, D. J., … & Smolka, M. N. (2021). Susceptibility to interference between Pavlovian and instrumental control is associated with early hazardous alcohol use. Addiction Biology, 26(4), e12983, doi: 10.1111/adb.12983


  • Schad, D.J., Rapp, M.A., Garbusow, M., Nebe, S., Sebold, M., Obst, E., …, Heinz, A., Dayan, P., & Huys, Q.J.M. (2020). Dissociating neural learning signals in human sign- and goal-trackers. Nature Human Behavior, 4, 201-214, doi: 10.1038/s41562-019-0765-5, url: https://rdcu.be/b1RGX

  • Schad, D.J., Hohenstein, S., Vasishth, S., & Kliegl, R. (2020). How to capitalize on a priori contrasts in linear (mixed) models: A tutorial. Journal of Memory and Language, 110, 104038, doi: 10.1016/j.jml.2019.104038, arXiv preprint arXiv:1807.10451

  • Rabe, M.M., Vasishth, S., Hohenstein, S., Kliegl, R., & Schad, D.J. (2020). hypr: An R package for hypothesis-driven contrast coding. The Journal of Open Source Software, 2134. doi: 10.21105/joss.02134, PsyArXiv preprint

  • Stone, K., Lago, S. & Schad, D.J. (2020). Divergence point analyses of visual world data: applications to bilingual research. Bilingualism: Language and Cognition, 24(5), 1-9, doi: 10.1017/S1366728920000607

  • Sommer, C., Birkenstock, J., Garbusow, M., Obst, E., Schad, D. J., Bernhardt, N., … & Zimmermann, U. (2020). Dysfunctional approach behavior triggered by alcohol‐unrelated Pavlovian cues predicts long‐term relapse in alcohol dependence. Addiction Biology, 25(1), e12703, doi: 10.1111/adb.12703


  • Schad, D.J.+, Garbusow, M.+, Friedel, E., Sommer, C., Sebold, M., Hägele, C., …, Schlagenhauf, F., Huys, Q.J.M., Heinz, A., Rapp, M.A. (2019). Neural correlates of instrumental responding in the context of alcohol-related cues index disorder severity and relapse risk. European Archives of Psychiatry and Clinical Neuroscience, 269(3), 295-308, doi: 10.1007/s00406-017-0860-4

  • Liu, S., Kaufmann, C., Labadie, C., Ströhle, A., Kuschpel, M.S., Garbusow, M., Hummel, R., Schad, D.J., Rapp, M.A., Heinz, A., & Heinzel, S. (2019). Short-term effects of video gaming on brain response during working memory performance. PLoS One, 14(10), e0223666, doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0223666.

  • Garbusow, M., Nebe, S., Sommer, C., Kuitunen-Paul, S., Sebold, M., Schad, D. J., … & Heinz, A. (2019). Pavlovian-To-Instrumental transfer and alcohol consumption in young male social drinkers: behavioral, neural and polygenic correlates. Journal of Clinical Medicine, 8(8), 1188, doi: 10.3390/jcm8081188

  • Sebold, M., Garbusow, M., Jetzschmann, P., Schad, D.J., Nebe, S., Schlagenhauf, F., Heinz, A., Rapp, M. & Romanczuk-Seiferth, N. (2019). Reward and avoidance learning in the context of aversive environments and possible implications for depressive symptoms. Psychopharmacology, 236(8), 2437-2449, doi: 10.1007/s00213-019-05299-9


  • Obst, E.+, Schad, D.J.+, Sommer, C., Nebe, S., Sebold, M., Smolka, M.N., Zimmermann, U.S. (2018). Drunk decisions: Alcohol administration shifts choice from habitual towards goal-directed control in adolescent intermediate-risk drinkers. Journal of Psychopharmacology, 32(8), 855-866, doi: 10.1177/0269881118772454

  • Nebe, S., Kroemer, N.B., Schad, D.J., Bernhardt, N., Sebold, M., Müller, D.K., …, Huys, Q.J.M., Smolka, M.N. (2018). No association of goal-directed and habitual control with alcohol consumption in young adults. Addiction Biology, 23(1), 379-393, doi: 10.1111/adb.12490

  • Liu, S., Kuschpel, M.S., Schad, D.J., Heinzel, S., Rapp, M. A., & Heinz, A. (2018). Effects of rest on learning processes. European Neuropsychopharmacology, 28, S70, doi: 10.1016/j.euroneuro.2017.12.099


  • Sebold, M., Nebe, S., Garbusow, M., Guggenmos, M., Schad, D.J., Beck, A., … & Zimmermann, U.S. (2017). When habits are dangerous: alcohol expectancies and habitual decision making predict relapse in alcohol dependence. Biological Psychiatry, 82(11), 847-856, doi: 10.1016/j.biopsych.2017.04.019

  • Sommer, C., Garbusow, M., Jünger, E., Pooseh, S., Bernhardt, N., Birkenstock, J., Schad, D.J., … & Zimmermann, U.S. (2017). Strong seduction: impulsivity and the impact of contextual cues on instrumental behavior in alcohol dependence. Translational Psychiatry, 7(8), e1183, doi: 10.1038/tp.2017.158

  • Sebold, M., Nebe, S., Garbusow, M., Schad, D.J., Sommer, C., Rapp, M., … & Heinz, A. (2017). Neurobiological correlates of learning and decision-making in alcohol dependence. European Psychiatry, 41, S11, doi: 10.1016/j.eurpsy.2017.01.084


  • Garbusow, M.+, Schad, D.J.+, Sebold, M., Friedel, E., Bernhardt, N., Koch, S.P., … & Heinz, A. (2016). Pavlovian‐to‐instrumental transfer effects in the nucleus accumbens relate to relapse in alcohol dependence. Addiction Biology, 21(3), 719-731, doi: 10.1111/adb.12243

  • Sebold, M., Schad D.J., Nebe, S., Garbusow, M., Jünger, E., Kroemer, N.B., Kathmann, N., Zimmermann, U.S., Smolka, M.N., Rapp, M.A., Heinz, A., Huys, Q.J.M. (2016). Don’t think, just feel the music: Individuals with strong Pavlovian-to-instrumental transfer effects rely less on model-based reinforcement learning. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 28(7), 985-995, doi: 10.1162/jocn_a_00945

  • Rabovsky, M., Schad D.J., Rahman, R.A. (2016). Language production is facilitated by semantic richness but inhibited by semantic density: Evidence from picture naming. Cognition, 146, 240-244, roi: 10.1016/j.cognition.2015.09.016

  • Liu, S., Schad D.J., Kuschpel, M.S., Rapp, M.A., Heinz, A. (2016). Music and video gaming during breaks: Influence on habitual versus goal-directed decision making. PLoS ONE, 11(3), e0150165, doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0150165


  • Fritsch, V., Da Mota, B., Loth, E., …, Schad D.J., …, Thirion, B., the IMAGEN consortium (2015). Robust regression for large-scale neuroimaging studies. NeuroImage, 111, 431-441, doi: 10.1016/j.neuroimage.2015.02.048

  • Sperlich, A, Schad D.J., Laubrock, J. (2015). When preview information starts to matter: development of the perceptual span in German beginning readers. Journal of Cognitive Psychology, 27(5), 511-530, doi: 10.1080/20445911.2014.99399

  • Kuschpel, M.S., Liu, S., Schad D.J., Heinzel, S., Heinz, A., Rapp, M.A. (2015). Differential effects of wakeful rest, music and video game playing on working memory performance in the n-back task. Frontiers in Psychology, 6, 1683, doi: 10.3389/fpsyg.2015.01683

  • Liu, S., Kuschpel, M.S., Schad D.J., Heinz, A., Rapp, M.A. (2015). Differential effects of music and video gaming during breaks on auditory and visual learning. Cyberpsychology, Behavior, and Social Networking, 18(11), 647-653, doi: 10.1089/cyber.2015.0140


  • Schad, D.J.+, Jünger, E.+, Garbusow, M., Sebold, M., Bernhardt, N., Javadi, A.H., Zimmermann, U.S., Smolka, M.N., Heinz, A., Rapp, M.A.+, & Huys, Q.J.M.+ (2014). Processing speed enhances model-based over model-free reinforcement learning in the presence of high working memory functioning. Frontiers in Psychology, 5, 1450, doi: 10.3389/fpsyg.2014.01450

  • Garbusow M., Schad D.J., Sommer C., Jünger E., Sebold M., Friedel E., Wendt J., Kathmann N., Schlagenhauf F., Zimmerman U., Heinz A., Huys Q.J.M.+, Rapp M.A.+ (2014). Pavlovian-to-instrumental transfer in alcohol dependence - a pilot study. Neuropsychobiology, 70(2), 111-121, doi: 10.1159/000363507

  • Sebold M., Deserno L., Nebe S., Schad D.J., Garbusow M., Hägele C., Keller J., Jünger E., Kathmann N., Smolka M., Rapp M.A., Schlagenhauf F., Heinz A., Huys Q.J.M. (2014). Model-based and model-free decisions in alcohol dependence. Neuropsychobiology, 70(2), 122-131, doi: 10.1159/000362840

  • Schad, D.J., Risse, S., Slattery, T., Rayner, K. (2014). Word frequency in fast-priming: Evidence for immediate cognitive control of eye movements during reading. Visual Cognition, 22(3), 390-414, doi: 10.1080/13506285.2014.89204


  • Schad, D.J., Nuthmann, A., & Engbert, R. (2012). Your mind wanders weakly, your mind wanders deeply: Objective measures reveal mindless reading at different levels. Cognition, 125(2), 179-194, doi: 10.1016/j.cognition.2012.07.004

  • Schad, D.J., & Engbert, R. (2012). The zoom lens of attention: Simulating shuffled versus normal text reading using the SWIFT model. Visual Cognition, 20(4-5, Special Issue on Computational Approaches to Reading and Scene Perception), 391, doi: 10.1080/13506285.2012.670143

  • Schad, D.J., Nuthmann, A., & Engbert, R. (2010). Eye movements during reading of randomly shuffled text. Vision Research, 50(23), 2600-2616, doi: 10.1016/j.visres.2010.08.005

  • Inhoff, A., Seymour, B., Schad, D.J., & Greenberg, S. (2010). The size and direction of saccadic curvatures during reading. Vision Research, 50(12), 1117-1130, doi: 10.1016/j.visres.2010.03.025

  • Schultheiss, O.C., Yankova, D., Dirlikov, B., & Schad, D.J. (2009). Are implicit and explicit motive measures statistically independent? A fair and balanced test using the Picture Story Exercise and a cue- and response-matched questionnaire measure. Journal of Personality Assessment, 91, 72-81, doi: 10.1080/00223890802484456

  • Schultheiss, O.C., Liening, S., & Schad, D.J. (2008). The reliability of a Picture Story Exercise measure of implicit motives: Estimates of internal consistency, retest reliability, and ipsative stability. Journal of Research in Personality, 42, 1560-1571, doi: 10.1016/j.jrp.2008.07.008

Further publications